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Glossary


Words will be added as they come to me... or (admittedly) as I find I just don't know the definition of the word.

Terms

Ahnentafel - A table of one's ancestors. It comes from the German "Ahnen" (ancestor) and "Tafel" (table or list).

Artisan - A person skilled at some craft.

Avunculus - Your mother's brother; your uncle.

Circa - About, near, or approximate. It usually refers to a date.

DAR - Daughters of the American Revolution. A non-profit organization of women descended from those who took part in the American Revolution.

DNA - "Deoxyribonucleic acid"; The genetic makeup of an individual. See DNA page on this website.

Do - Ditto. Same as previous item in listing.

Haplotype - A set of numbers or letters obtained from the DNA test of an individual. A set of alleles for genetic markers inherited as a unit. A contraction of the phrase "haploid genotype".

Haplogroup - A group of similar patterned and related descendant haplotypes which share a common ancestor.

Humatio - Burial.

Ibid - Same location. Identifies a document that has already been quoted.

Instant - Sometimes abbreviated "inst." - A recent occurrence in the PRESENT or CURRENT month, as in "the 9th instant", i.e. the 9th of THIS month.

Lis Pendens - Pending court action. It usually applies to land title claims.

Microfiche - Sheet of microfilm where the images of pages of documents are greatly reduced.

Microfilm - Reproduction of documents on film. Also at reduced size.

Nee - used to denote a woman's maiden name, ie., Frances Wilson nee Smith.

NGS Quarterly - A genealogy file format; a method of displaying genealogical data. Also the name of the National Genealogical Society's journal.

Pedigree - Ancestry; bloodline; Family tree; lineage.

Pedigree Chart - A chart which includes the direct ancestors (parents, grand-parents, etc.) of an individual. It does not include brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles or other relatives.

Priores - Ancestors.

Proximo - Sometimes abbreviated "prox." - An occurrence about to happen in a future month, as in "the 9th proximo", i.e. the 9th of NEXT month.

Rb1 - A protein group used to identify groups of people genetically (The Butler Klughs are Rb1). See DNA page on this website.

SAR - Sons of the American Revolution. A non-profit organization of men descended from those who took part in the American Revolution.

Second-Cousin - See "Second-Cousin and Twice-Removed" page on this website.

Strawman Argument - The Straw Man fallacy is committed when a person simply ignores a person's actual position and substitutes some other point that has nothing to do with the original position.

Testate - A person who dies leaving a (valid) will.

Twice-Removed - See "Second-Cousin and Twice-Removed" page on this website.

Ultimo - Sometimes abbreviated "ult." - An occurrence in the past or most recent month, as in "the 9th ultimo", i.e. the 9th of LAST month.

Vital Records - Records of birth, death, marriage or divorce.

Places, Nationalities and Cultures

Atlantic Modal Haplotype - The Irish and Welsh populations.

Anatolian - A culture from the western-most parts of western Asia; Turkey.

Aurignacian culture - An archeological culture located in Europe and southwest Asia some 35,000 to 47,000 years ago. The name comes from a region in southwestern France. Characterized by bone and antler tools and art.

Bashkirs - An ethnic group of the Urals region of Russia.

Basque - An ethnic group and a region that's located around the western end of the Pyrenees mountains and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France. Their language is Euskara.

Caucasus - A region in parts of Russia and in Central and South Asia; a mountain range between the Black and Caspian Seas. Those people of similar features are called "caucasian".

Corded Ware - From the German region, northern Europe and south-western Asia. A culture characterized by cord marks that adorn the circumference of their pottery; from 3200-1800 BCE.

Cro-Magnons - The first early modern humans; from approx 35,000 years ago. The word derives from French: Rock Shelter.

Euskara - The language of the Basque people.

Gaelic - Pertaining to the Celts or Celtic language (Irish, Scottish or Manx); or a Gaelic-speaking person from Ireland, Scotland, or the Isle of Man.

Hazara - A group of people in Afghanistan.

Homo-Sapiens - Modern humans; The word means: "Homo": man, and "Sapien": wise.

Lugh - A Celtic god. His followers were referred to as "K'Lugh".

Newars - A group of people in Nepal.

Ossetians - A group of people of the North Caucasus.

Perigordian culture - An archeological culture located in Europe and southwest Asia some 20,000 to 35,000 years ago. Characterized by flint knives.

Scandinavia - A culture of northern Europe that includes Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

Uyghurs - A group of people in North-West China.

Urals - A mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.

Uzbekistan - A region of south-western Asia; east of the Caspian Sea and borders the Aral Sea.


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